As the field of research develops ideas, symbols, archetypes, coalesce allowing people to communicate on the subject.
We see this especially in this ridiculous complaint by Men's Rights Activists calling for a boycott of Mad Max: Fury Road because Charlize Theron got more lines in the trailer.
These 'men' turn themselves into a joke with such ludicrous petulance.
The tragedy is that men do experience real problems in our society and this is the state of men's ability to articulate their problems? And the state of the research into the problems men endure is not much better.
Reading "A Guy Thing" (the Stanford Alumni magazine, November/December 2015) they had an article on the fragility of masculinity. They did some research and found that if men thought they failed an exam would over-estimate their height to compensate for their wounded ego, or they would choose prizes that they deemed more masculine if they felt they'd failed. The woman who conducted this research is reported to have said: masculine ideals can be "just as constraining, if not more constraining than the feminine gender role."
Yes, indeed, but like I said, men are experiencing real problems in our society than merely worrying about their height.
Men suicide about 4x more often than women do in the US. I suspect it is because they don't understand the true key to happiness is relationships, as this study found. I think some men assume they don't need to work at building their relationships with loved ones, and I think some men just don't know how to have relationships. As a side note, the Harvard research didn't include women, and initially it only studied rich men but later included poor white men as well(!)
Men experience more violence than women - and that is because men are violent to men. Men are more likely to be killed (by a man) and men are raped too.
In my opinion, boy babies should not be circumcised and if they want to be circumcised they should decide to do that for themselves when they are old enough with possible input from their partner.
Boys and young men should not be chastised for liking or being like 'a girl'; or told to 'man up' rather than expressing pain.
Yet we don't hear anyone asking why are men having such a hard time in our society. I think part of the reason is men are taught not to complain, to hide/suppress their feelings, to pretend they cannot feel pain, and are told never to ask for help.
Nor are we asking why men are raping, committing domestic violence or murdering their wives.
These are some of the real issues men are facing (and by no means all of them) but instead we are worrying about them lying about their height and they are worrying about how many lines the female lead has in a trailer.